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UCCA Close Quarter Battle Commando SF Training India Police ATS QRT Military Army CI Urban CQB Ops

Introduction to Military Martial Arts and Close Quarter Battle

What is CQB
Presidents Honour
Letter to Indian Force Chiefs
Role in Modernization
Indian Govt Commendation
Prime Minister
State Govt Commendation
Indian Army Chief Citation
International Commendation
Press & Media
Security Clearance State IB/ CM Sect
Home Ministry Authorizes
Awards from Forces
Scans Letters Indian Force Chiefs
Introduction to ACCS CQB Trg
Col BL Sharma UCCA Secretary
Organizations Trained
Armed Forces Testimonials
10 COMMANDMENTS of Close Combat
ACCS Doctrine & Principles
History of ACCS
1.Reflex Shooting (SPECIAL FORCES)
2. Close Quarter Battle (MILITARY)
3. QRT Tactics (POLICE)
4. Special Missons (SPECIAL OPS)
5. Counter Terror Ops (CT Ops)
6. Combat Strategic DRIVING
7. Room Clearing Ops
8. Disaster Mgt (CIVILIAN)
Director Profile -Rao Biodata
ACCS Syllabus
Sentry Termination W 2 H
Def to Firearm Attk: H 2 W
Def to Dagger Attk H 2 W
Bayonet Fighting: W to W
Unarmed Combat
Bare Hands Killing in Spec Ops
Vital Organ Charts
Ground Fighting
Environment Tactics
Armed Force PT
Resistance Training
Medical Emergency Care
Mental Training for Combat Ops
Picture Gallery
Random Thoughts Major Rao




BY Col B L Sharma (retd)

Indian Para Commando Special Forces & 2 War Veteran

Hon Secretary & Technical Advisor of UCCA





Development of Military Martial Arts:


In Britain

Military Close Quarter Combat (CQB) Arts are very different from Civilain Martial Arts. Tracing the development of Military Martial Arts (Now also called ‘Combatives’), it all started with World War II, when British Army started developing a quick system of Hand to Hand Combat called UAC. This was hastily compiled with major influence by judo & wrestling.  Thus they used to catch a punch, grab a kick, grab a bayonet thrust at them and throw! Very impractical, but this method spread all over the allies as UAC.


In China

In 1926, William Fairbairn developed “Defendu” derived from Chinese Martial Arts and Kodokan Judo. Defendu was developed to train the  Shanghai Police and was later taught in expanded form to  the American OSS and SOE members during World War II. Fairbairn was called upon by the British to help train Allied Troops in World War II.



The US OSS Col Rex Applegate decided to modernize Hand to Hand Combat. He wrote the famous manual “Kill or Be Killed” another Defendu or old Fairburns art derivation. Judo- Wrestling influence on Military H2H. He also emphasized “Quick Pistol Shooting” Techniques in CQB & use of Fairbairn Sykes knife in cutting Windpipe for Sentry Termination. This became US Marines FM Manual


In 2000, Mat Larsen a US Army Ranger sergeant was asked to design the Ranger battalion course which he did, it was again derived from Brazilian variation of Judo (BJJ) and Russian Sambo, a sport wrestling.  This manual went to become US Army FM-21 Manual of CQB.


So it is obvious that all these military martial arts were based on Civilian martial arts & restricted to one or other kind of wrestling art, hence  narrow in technique & application .


The most modern art takes birth in India


In India, the Dr. Rao couple,  Prof. Dr. Deepak Rao and Dr. Seema Rao were asked by Director General of Police AV Krishnan to design a UAC course for district Police in 1994. Their qualifications, skills and interest in Combat Arts led them to experiment with various Martial Arts techniques & innovate them for 14 years. Studying Army methods of World Military, along with their Medical Knowledge they searched for Skills which could be learnt quickly without much precision training and used at vital points to kill. Bayonet techniques, Sentry Termination techniques & Reflex Shooting techniques, along with principles of Mob fighting (like putting the Mob components in a straight line in order to neutralize the numbers), Weapons Defense, Concepts of Line of Fire, Arc of Thrust of a Edged Weapon, etc were thoroughly researched. Thev Raos were constantly encouraged by the Add Director General VN Deshmukh who was also Joint Director Intelligence.


These skills were adapted to military fighting applications of Close Quarter Battle, Room Combat & Small Team Combat protocols. The Raos expertise with Sports Shooting was utilized in their various assignments for elite forces to develop modern indigenous techniques & the first actual Military CQB art of ACCS was born: Advanced Commando Combat System. This system was registered in Europe, USA & Asia.


Shaolin Monks, Japanese Grand Masters & eminent Military Combative Trainers all over the world were asked to comment on this art., all of which have applauded the simplicity of the art in keeping with US Army KISS principle of “Keep It Simple Stupid”   


The Raos have struggled to take this art peripherally to almost all the Regt Trg Centers, Academies, Elite Units, SF, Para, Cdo Wg, Paramilitary, NSG, Special Units of Police all over India and educated 15,000 soldiers in this modern methods without any compensation over 14 years 1994-2007.




The Art ACCS today is recognized as the Ninth Military Martial Art in the world after British UAC, American Combatives, German H2H, Russian Sambo, Israeli Haganah, Chinese Defendu & Gung Fu, Japanese Samurai Budo, Italian Army arts. This recognition is via American, European & Asian (Japanese & Chinese Bodies). However the real acknowledgement comes from the fact that ACCS has got popular with the Indian armed forces for over 14 years – which is an acknowledgement of a Military art by the second largest Military in the world. The Raos research has been acknowledged by the CHIEF OF ARMY STAFF APPRECIATION twice in 2001, and 2005. No other Military martial art in the world has received such a high honor. It is also an art that has over 300 official endorsements from Top Brass of Army, Air Force, Naval Chief, DGPs, NSG, MARCOS, GARUD, BSF etc. And it is totally INDIAN.




Today ACCS is taught by a govt recognized trust known as UCCA: Unarmed Commando Combat (& CQB) Academy. The UCCA trains all govt organizations and Indian Forces with no compensation as a selfless service.


Today the UCCA is supported by some Ex army officers like me who advise the Raos and also at times help in imparting training in restricted subjects to the Forces


The ACCS Black Belts


The ACCS Black Belt concept is to award the BB only to those who have previous Ghatak / Cdo / CIJW / Specialized Trg and those who complete a formal short trg capsule in ACCS arts including CQB, CQ Reflex Shooting & Small Team Tac.


Currently UCCA has over 1250 Black Belts from Indian Forces, Paramilitary & N S G, MARCOS, GARUDs, etc. We also have as Honorary BBs International Special Forces Combatives Instructors like US Army Chief Combatives Instructor, Prof. Leonard Holyfield & Shaolin Monk Dr. Gu Ping, Ex Russian SF Offr Mihael Pupinsh, Col John Stampli form US Army & German Police Offrs. We also have Director Generals from State Intelligence, JDs Int Beau, Police, IG Civil Def ense, Chairman of Topsgrup Security, and many Retd Officers like first CO of Special Group, Commdt NSG Trg Center, etc who are ACCS Black Belts.


Specifics features of ACCS


What is unique about this art is that ACCS is strictly a Military Art, with easy to learn techniques that require more fitness, ruggedness& knowledge rather than precision, skill & years of practice.  Also the situations that ACCS trains in is not inside the ring or wrestling arena or street, but for situations like Close Quarter battle Ops, Room Combat, Confined Space Combat like Aircrafts, Close Quarter Ground Clearing & Occupation and Special Operations. 


Our art ACCS today is the only Military art in the world which is totally Military based without any civil influence of Judo, Karate & Sport Shooting. It is also the only indigenous art with no mimicking of British Snap Shooting or US Tunnel Vision Shooting techniques.  It is also the only art that covers the full gamut of CQB from Hand to Hand to Reflex Shooting, Sentry Termination, room Combat, Small Team Tac etc


The Price paid


The Raos are extremely proud that their life went in researching an art which needed development. They have finished 14 years of selfless training the forces. They have got shot at by extremists, evaded terror traps, dislocated bones, suffered bankruptcy, given up on raising family, Dr. Rao is half blind in one eye, Dr. Seema is partially deaf due to range shooting ear abuse. They are happy that the ACCS innovations have at least featured in important Corp Battle Schools. Next Year in 2008, the Raos will be completing 15 years of Selfless Service to the second largest army in the world.


Read on


You are reading about the most modern Military Combatives system in the World. While no restricted subjects are discussed, the development of this unique system and its principles will make good reading.




Col BL Sharma (retd) Indian Special Forces

 Also visit 

Contact UCCA


For security reasons, getting in touch with UCCA directly is not possible. Select civilians may be considered for UCCA VOLUNTEER DISASTER CONTROL Course after careful Security Screening.Please fill the form below in every field & mail us

Name & Surname
Place of Residence
Rank for Forces personnel
Occupation for civilians
E Mail Address
What do u want from us? Civilians cannot be trained in CQB or Military subjects.

Col B L Sharma (Retd) Hon. Secretary UCCA
Ex ParaCommando Special Forces






INDIAN SERVICES personnel can reach UCCA via e-mail to

The UCCA c/o 

Honorary Secretary & Technical Advisor (Training) 


Col BL Sharma (Retd)2 War veteran 

Past CO, Special Forces



E Mail at


 No Email from civilian shall be entertained at this email address. Civilians are requested to use and fill in the complete enquiry form above 














Important Note: 


'ACCS' is a technical term to denote the close combat art founded by Major Rao.

 Major Rao has been described by the Indian ministry of defense as the pioneer and first Indian to specialise in Close Quarter battle training. He & the org UCCA has trained thousands of Indian forces under official invitation by the top brass in CQB and ACCS. However it may be noted that the 'ACCS' Or the ACCS Website has no direct connection to the Indian Forces or Police. ACCS denotes UCCA Art of Close Combat offered only to Indian Forces. 


Please note that CQB or ACCS is not a Martial Art but a Military art. (The misinterpretation tends to occur as Unarmed Combat features in the Org name UCCA) We offer no placements for Karate blackbelts or civilian experts. Ex Forces PC Officers are welcome to join us for training the forces, without compensation, as is the UCCA ideology. No Civilian shall be taught the Close quarter military skills of ACCS.


Besides the Directors & Faculty of ACCS, no civilian is authorized OR qualified to teach ACCS. UCCA has a few Special Forces (retd) Army Officers who teach the restricted content of ACCS during UCCA courses (for the Indian forces) only


The information provided here is only to give an idea of functionality of the UCCA Arts. No Classified information is given here. 


DISCLAIMER: We caution the readers from attempting any technique outlined here, as it may rarely prove to be dangerouly fatal. Hence if you shall do, it will be at your own risk. We shall bear no responsibility for your actions.


We are non commercial, non competitive & non traditional.

We are totally committed to serving the Indian Forces.

Our entire work in modernization of Close Quarter Combat over 20 years has been without compensation, as a SERVICE TO THE NATION





One Enemy. One Chance.

One Strike. One Kill !




w w w . c o m m a n d o c o m b a t . c o m